The federal government appoints superior court judges after wide consultation with the judiciary, the legal community and the community at large. Candidates must have at least 10 years’ experience as a lawyer and most have been practicing law for far longer. Lawyers submit a written application to a screening committee made up of judges, lawyers, government officials and members of the public. These committees assess the candidates and submit a list of those who are considered qualified to be a judge. The federal minister of justice selects a candidate from the list and recommends the person to the federal cabinet, which makes the final decision. The prime minister, however, recommends candidates for chief justice of a provincial or territorial superior court and all Supreme Court of Canada appointees. The process is conducted in private but, in 2006, a Parliamentary committee convened the first public hearing to question an appointee to the Supreme Court of Canada. The qualifications for appointment to a superior court are set out in section 3 of the Judges Act (PDF).